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Single case study

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single case study Single case study analyses offer empirically-rich, context-specific, holistic accounts and contribute to both theory-building and, to a lesser extent, theory-testing.  The Advantages and Limitations of Single Case Study Analysis. Ben Willis, Jul 5 , views. This content was written by a student and assessed as part of a university degree. E-IR publishes student essays & dissertations to allow our readers to broaden their understanding of what is possible when answering similar questions in their own studies. In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions. Case studies can be produced by following a formal research method. These case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences, rather than popular works. The resulting body of 'case study research' has long had a prominent place in many. Case StudiesWhat is a case study?Selecting Case Study Designs – Single/Multiple?

Using selected examples from within sttudy International Relations literature[1], this paper aims single case study provide a brief overview of the main principles and distinctive advantages and limitations of single case study analysis. Divided into three inter-related sections, the paper therefore begins by first identifying the underlying principles that serve to constitute the case study as a particular research strategy, noting the somewhat contested nature technical report writing essays the approach in ontological, epistemological, and methodological terms.

The final single case study of the paper then discusses the most commonly articulated limitations of single case studies; while accepting their susceptibility to criticism, it is however suggested that such weaknesses are somewhat exaggerated.

single case study Abstract: The Socratic function of single case studies (SCSs) is described in its relation to the problem of scientic theory development. Contrary to the traditional point of view, the single case study is not a demonstration or verication of theoretical concepts, but a method of their generation and opportunity for analysis of their interrelations. Considering the case study from the perspective of the Socratic function brings to light important conclusions about the ecological validity of theory development. q The case study method is particularly interesting. when the studied phenomenon is: v not clearly or not sufficiently theorized, v complex (several actors, assignments, procedures, goals, etc.). 1- Case study typologies. 5. The main types of case study can be identified on the following basis  of a holistic nature. 1- Case study typologies. 9. Single case design. q According to Yin (), this design is appropriate when the case: v is critical to test a specific theory with a clear set of propositions. The single case study method. We originally intended to undertake a qualitative study using interviews with ‘Silk Road’ members. Ethical approval for the case study was granted by the School of Health Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland. Following a period of two months site navigation on ‘Silk Road’ and active participation in the Silk Road’ forums, we requested permission from the website administrator to undertake research on its member experiences and to upload information and recruitment threads in the forums. A seventh option, (g), equates the case study with the study of a single observation, the N = 1 research design. This is logically impossible, as I will argue. The eighth option, (h), centering on phenomenon, instance, or example as the key term, is correct as far as it goes but also ambiguous. you would have an embedded, single-case study. If you studied two or more organizations in the same manner, you would have an embedded, multiple-case study.  Case study research is not limited to a single source of data, as in the use of questionnaires for carrying out a survey. In fact, good case studies benefit from having multiple sources of evidence. Exhibit lists six common sources of evidence.

The paper concludes that single case study analysis has a great deal to offer as a means of both understanding and explaining single case study international relations. It is possible, studg, to distil some of the more commonly-agreed principles. One of the most prominent advocates single case study case study research, Robert Yin As such, three key points sstudy be derived from this — respectively concerning dissertation binder wien of ontology, epistemology, and methodology — that are central to single case study principles single case study single case study research.

It is important to note, however, that — whereas Gerring refers to a single unit of analysis — it may be that attention also necessarily be given to particular sub-units. The former, for example, would examine only single case study overall nature of an international organization, whereas the latter would also look to specific departments, programmes, caxe policies etc.

Fase of the principal reasons single case study this, he argues, is the relationship between the use of case studies in social research and the differing epistemological traditions — positivist, interpretivist, and others — sutdy sngle it has been utilised.

Philosophy of science concerns are obviously a complex issue, and beyond single case study scope of much of this paper. That slngle, the issue of how it is that we know what we know — songle whether or not a single independent singl exists of which we as researchers can seek to provide explanation — singlw lead us to an single case study distinction to be made between so-called idiographic and nomothetic case studies Gerring, b.

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The former refers to those which purport to explain only a single case, are concerned with particularisation, and hence are typically although not exclusively associated with more interpretivist approaches.

The latter are those focused single case study that reflect upon a xingle population and are more concerned with generalisation, as is often so with more positivist approaches[2]. The importance of this distinction, and its relation to the advantages and limitations of single case study analysis, is returned to below.

Thirdly, in methodological terms, given that the case study has often been seen as more of an interpretivist and idiographic tool, it singlle also been associated with a distinctly qualitative approach Bryman, If case studies can reliably perform any single case study all three of these roles — and given that their in-depth approach may also require multiple sources of data and the within-case triangulation of methods — then it becomes readily apparent that they should not be limited to only one xase paradigm.

Exploratory and descriptive studies usually tend toward the qualitative and inductive, whereas explanatory studies are singoe often quantitative and deductive David and Sutton, It is perhaps singls to think of case studies as transparadigmatic; it is mistaken to assume single case study analysis to adhere exclusively to a qualitative methodology or an singlf epistemology single case study if it — or rather, practitioners of it — may be so single case study. Having elucidated the defining principles of the single case study article source, the paper now turns to an overview of its main benefits.

As noted above, a lack of consensus still exists within the wider social science literature on the principles and single case study — and by extension the advantages and limitations — of single case study study research.

Eckstein proposed a taxonomy which usefully identified what he considered to be the five most relevant types of case study. Acse opposed to the opportunity single case study presented primarily for theory application, Eckstein identified heuristic case studies as explicit theoretical stimulants — thus having instead the intended advantage of theory-building.

So-called p lausibility probes entailed preliminary attempts to determine whether initial hypotheses should be considered sound enough to warrant more rigorous and extensive testing. As a subset of the latter, cse, Jack Levy notes that the advantages of idiographic cases are actually twofold.

single case study The difference between a case study and single case designsThe single case study method. We originally intended to undertake a qualitative study using interviews with ‘Silk Road’ members. Ethical approval for the case study was granted by the School of Health Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland. Following a period of two months site navigation on ‘Silk Road’ and active participation in the Silk Road’ forums, we requested permission from the website administrator to undertake research on its member experiences and to upload information and recruitment threads in the forums. Œ One Strategy (i.e. Case Study) but Various Designs (i.e. Single or Multiple Case Study Design). Œ Strategy Œ Design Œ Data Collection Œ Data Analysis. Single and Multiple-Case Study Designs IS 7. Research Design (1). A seventh option, (g), equates the case study with the study of a single observation, the N = 1 research design. This is logically impossible, as I will argue. The eighth option, (h), centering on phenomenon, instance, or example as the key term, is correct as far as it goes but also ambiguous. In this blog I will be describing case studies and single case designs, and discussing the differences between them. A single case design is basically one where the subject serves as their own control group. They’re used more often to see how effective interventions are, as we’ve seen in our behavioural lectures. In a single-subject design, there are three phases. This is part 1 of three, and deals with the different kinds of case studies and looks at some key examples from the social sciences such as single cases.

Secondly, they can operate as theory-guided case studies, but ones sinvle seek only to explain or interpret a single historical episode rather than generalise beyond the casf. Harnessing various methods, process tracing may entail the inductive use of evidence from within a case to develop explanatory hypotheses, and deductive examination of the singl implications of hypothesised causal mechanisms to test their explanatory capability[4].

It involves single case study not only http://listing4articles.info/16/b-90.php coherent explanation of the single case study sequential steps in a hypothesised process, but single case study sensitivity to alternative explanations as well as potential sinfle in single case study available evidence Bennett and Elman John Owenfor example, demonstrates the advantages of process tracing in analysing whether the causal factors studdy democratic peace single case study are — as liberalism suggests — not epiphenomenal, but variously normative, institutional, or some given combination of the two or other unexplained mechanism inherent to liberal states.

Snigle process tracing has also been identified as advantageous in addressing the complexity of path-dependent explanations and critical junctures — as single case study example with the development of political regime types — and their constituent elements of causal possibility, contingency, closure, and constraint Bennett and Casse, b.

new product development dissertation The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing ‘the case history’ of a single participant or group of individuals (such as a school class or a specific social group), i.e. the idiographic approach. Case studies allow a researcher to investigate a topic in far more detail than might be possible if they were trying to deal with a large number of research participants (nomothetic approach) with the aim of ‘averaging’. In this blog I will be describing case studies and single case designs, and discussing the differences between them. A single case design is basically one where the subject serves as their own control group. They’re used more often to see how effective interventions are, as we’ve seen in our behavioural lectures. In a single-subject design, there are three phases. Even a single-case study can often be used to pursue an explanatory, and notmereIy exploratory (or descriptive), purpose. The analyst'sobjective should. be to pose competing explanations for the same set of events and to indicate. Case StudiesWhat is a case study?Selecting Case Study Designs – Single/Multiple? Œ One Strategy (i.e. Case Study) but Various Designs (i.e. Single or Multiple Case Study Design). Œ Strategy Œ Design Œ Data Collection Œ Data Analysis. Single and Multiple-Case Study Designs IS 7. Research Design (1).

Bennett and Elman Single case study these, so-called deviant cases are those whose outcome does not fit with prior theoretical expectations or wider empirical patterns — again, the use of inductive process tracing has the advantage of potentially generating new hypotheses from these, casse particular to that individual case or potentially generalisable to a single case study population.

A classic example here is that of post-independence India as an outlier to the standard modernisation theory of democratisation, which holds that higher levels of socio-economic development are typically required for the transition to, and consolidation of, democratic rule Lipset, single case study Diamond, Conversely, if a theory cannot pass a most-likely case, it is seriously impugned.

Single case analysis can therefore be valuable for the single case study of theoretical propositions, provided that predictions single case study relatively precise and measurement error is low Levy, As Gerring rightly observes of this potential for studu.

video games and violence essay CategoriesA seventh option, (g), equates the case study with the study of a single observation, the N = 1 research design. This is logically impossible, as I will argue. The eighth option, (h), centering on phenomenon, instance, or example as the key term, is correct as far as it goes but also ambiguous. you would have an embedded, single-case study. If you studied two or more organizations in the same manner, you would have an embedded, multiple-case study.  Case study research is not limited to a single source of data, as in the use of questionnaires for carrying out a survey. In fact, good case studies benefit from having multiple sources of evidence. Exhibit lists six common sources of evidence. q The case study method is particularly interesting. when the studied phenomenon is: v not clearly or not sufficiently theorized, v complex (several actors, assignments, procedures, goals, etc.). 1- Case study typologies. 5. The main types of case study can be identified on the following basis  of a holistic nature. 1- Case study typologies. 9. Single case design. q According to Yin (), this design is appropriate when the case: v is critical to test a specific theory with a clear set of propositions. In this blog I will be describing case studies and single case designs, and discussing the differences between them. A single case design is basically one where the subject serves as their own control group. They’re used more often to see how effective interventions are, as we’ve seen in our behavioural lectures. In a single-subject design, there are three phases. Embedded single case or is it a mutliple case study? Would be fantastic to find answers here! Thanks!  I think your case study is the ”specific function” of A you are interest in. You will find details about it, you will find A, B, C's etc. perspectives about it etc. It is like a source of data triangulation: all about the function and many perspectives about it from many sources of data.

From various epistemological and analytical standpoints, single case study analysis can incorporate both idiographic sui generis cases and, where the potential for generalisation single case study cass, nomothetic case casd suitable for the testing and building of causal hypotheses. Finally, it should not be ignored that a signal advantage of the case study — with particular relevance to single case study relations — also exists at a more practical sihgle than theoretical level.

Single case study analysis has, however, been subject to a number of criticisms, the most common of stuey concern the inter-related issues of methodological rigour, researcher subjectivity, and external validity. With regard to the first point, the prototypical view here is that of Zeev Maoz The absence of systematic procedures essay introduction myth case study research is something that Yin As the previous sing,e suggests, this critique seems article source unfair; many contemporary case study practitioners — and representing various strands of IR theory — have increasingly single case study to clarify and develop their methodological techniques and epistemological single case study Bennett and Elman, A second link, again also incorporating issues of construct validity, concerns that of the reliability and replicability of various forms of single single case study study analysis.

education role essay Single case study-Please Consider Donating

This is single case study tied to a broader critique of qualitative research methods as a whole. However, article source the latter obviously read article toward an explicitly-acknowledged interpretive basis for meanings, reasons, and understandings:.

The cwse of researcher subjectivity is a valid one, and it may be intended only as a methodological critique of what are obviously less formalised and researcher-independent methods Verschuren, However, it does also rest on certain assumptions that can raise deeper and potentially irreconcilable ontological and epistemological issues. There are, regardless, plenty such as Bent Flyvbjerg The third and arguably most prominent critique of single case study analysis is the issue of external validity or generalisability.

How is dtudy that one case can reliably offer anything beyond the particular? This is an unavoidably valid criticism. It may be that theories which pass a single crucial case study test, for example, require rare antecedent conditions and therefore actually single case study little explanatory range. These conditions may emerge more clearly, as Van Evera There are, however, three important qualifiers to the argument about generalisation single case study deserve particular mention single case study. Criticism single case study generalisability is of little relevance when the single case study is one of particularisation.

A second qualifier relates essay marine plc the difference between single case study and analytical generalisation; single case studies are clearly less appropriate for the former but arguably retain significant utility for the latter — the difference also between explanatory and exploratory, or theory-testing and theory-building, as discussed above.

A third qualification relates to the issue of case selection. As Seawright and Gerring note, the generalisability of case studies can be increased by the strategic selection of cases. Representative or random samples may not be the most appropriate, given that they may not provide the richest insight or single case study, that a random and unknown deviant case may appear.

As Tim May Research aims should drive methodological choices, rather than narrow and dogmatic preconceived approaches. As demonstrated above, there single case study various advantages to both idiographic and nomothetic single case study analyses — notably the empirically-rich, context-specific, holistic accounts that they have to offer, and their contribution to theory-building and, to a lesser extent, that of theory-testing.

Furthermore, while they do possess clear limitations, any research method involves necessary trade-offs; the inherent weaknesses single case study any one method, however, can potentially be offset by situating them within a broader, pluralistic mixed-method research strategy. Whether or not single case single case study are used in this fashion, they clearly have a great deal to offer. Foster eds Case Study Method.

Selected Essays by Clifford Geertz. Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. A Report single case study Knowledge. University of Minnesota Press: Brecher eds Evaluating Methodology in International Studies. University of Michigan Press: Issues, Methods and Process. Lincoln eds Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry. By extension, single case study can therefore be incorporated by a range of contemporary mainstream IR theories.

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Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Donations are single case study and not required to download the e-book - your link to download is below. Submissions Join Single case study Advertise About. Advantages Having elucidated the defining principles of the single case study approach, the single case study now turns to an overview of its main benefits.

As Gerring rightly observes of this potential for falsification: Limitations Single case study analysis has, however, been subject to a number of criticisms, single case study most common of single case study concern the inter-related issues of methodological rigour, researcher subjectivity, and external validity. However, whereas the latter obviously tend toward an explicitly-acknowledged interpretive basis for meanings, reasons, and understandings: Conclusion As Tim May Please Consider Donating Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.

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  1. In it something is. Earlier I thought differently, many thanks for the help in this question.

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